Wednesday, October 21, 2020

Avalahalli Lake Report 2020


Summary

Alahalli Lake, also called Avalahalli Lake, is on 23 acres with a walking path of 1.3km.  It is located in the southern part of Bangalore next to Amruth Nagar Main Road and Nandi Gardens Apartment Complex. It was observed during our visit on 29th August 2020 that the lake was frequented by local residents. The lake was filled with water and many birds were observed! 

This is mostly rain fed lake with less than 20% of sewage entering the lake as an overflow during the rainy season. A diversion drain which diverts the sewage from entering the lake is provided and connects all the inlets and takes the sewage to the outlet of the lake. There is an island at the center of the lake. There are two old wells at the outlet.  One of the wells is functioning and water is used for domestic purposes by the community apart from drinking  It was interesting to note that the water level in the well was higher than the lake water level. The other well was non functioning and was filled with garbage.


BBMP started rejuvenating this lake in 2017. They have completed phase 1 of rejuvenation. The lake has been fenced all around. There are 4 inlets and an outlet. There are two wetlands provided to two of the inlets.  There is a walking path all around the lake.  


 

Location


Upstream and Downstream lakes




A’         A

Conceptual Section AA’


Overview and Observations

Alahalli Lake is shared between two survey numbers of Alahalli and Gollahalli villages, Bengaluru.


Lake Area

23 acres

STP 

No STPs

Wetlands

2 wetlands just after the inlets

Upstream lake

Kembathalli Lake

Downstream lake

Vaderahalli Lake


Alahalli Lake & Neighborhood Development Trust (ALNDT), the local corporator K. Somashekar, Pavitra Foundation, PROMAC Industries, and a few residents nearby have put efforts in the direction of rejuvenating the lake. In 2015-17, together citizens have spent about Rs. 20 lakhs for de-weeding, constructing a 100 meter walking path, repair and maintenance of fences, operation and maintenance. 


BBMP started rejuvenating the lake in 2017.  There is a walking path around the lake. It has two gates. The main gate is located on the North Western side.  There is a small gate for villagers to use which is located on the Eastern side.


There are 3 inlets to the lake.  Rajakaluve being one of the main inlet is situated at the North East side and two medium size drains in the East side of the lake.  There is one outlet at the South end of the lake. The rajakaluve and one of the East side drain water enter the lake through a wetland. The inlets have a small wall built to stop the sewage inflow from the drains into the lake directly. There is a sewage diversion drain connecting all the inlets joining the outlet.


The design of the lake is like a soup bowl. The depth of the lake from inlet to outlet varies from 1m to 3m. The wetlands near the inlets have the depth of 2-3 feet. There was supposed to be wetlands in front of all the inlets, but currently the wetlands are provided  only for 2 main inlets.


There is a graveyard located on the North East side of the lake.


It was observed that the health of the lake is better from years before the rejuvenation. Only during the monsoon, we were told the sewage enters the lake. The water from the inlets has a wall of 1-1.5 feet protecting the lake from sewage entry. Phase 1 of the lake rejuvenation has been completed by BBMP. They are awaiting Phase 2, when trees will be planted all around the lake. They are also planning benches, an inner fence around the waterbody, kalyani and a gym at the lake.


Livelihood activities such as  fishing, grass cutting and cow grazing is allowed at the lake. Deweeding and maintenance work is done by BBMP. It has one central island for the birds to have its own habitat.


LAKE-


  1. Inlets and outlets 


Inlet

Name

Description

Photos

1

Inlet 1- Raja Kaluve on the

North-Eastern side

Rajakaluve carrying storm water along with sewage is discharged into the lake. There is a diversion drain where some of the water gets diverted. 

 

The inlet has the wall which is one-one and half feet tall stopping the direct inflow of sewage water. When the water level increases during monsoon, it flows into the main water body through the wetland.

2

Inlet 2

East side

Another stormwater drain where the water passes through a wetland before reaching the lake.


3

Inlet 3

North Side

Overflow from Kembathalli Lake discharges directly into Alahalli Lake through a culvert without any treatment. .

4

Outlet 

Southern side

This water overflows into Vaddarahalli lake

This has an emergency exit for maintaining the water level not to rise above the bridge

(below image shows the emergency exit)



  1. Biodiversity-

In the second phase of rejuvenation by BBMP more trees and plants will be planted around the lake. Some of the flora and fauna observed around the lakes are documented below.

Trees and plants- There are mostly fruit bearing plants at the lake. The island of the lake has trees like Cashews, Jamoon etc. These were planted in Nov 2019. Around 40 plants and trees were planted on that island, but 32 of them have survived.

  

      Central Island Trees along the path


Around the lake there are trees like Bettada hunase, Cholle hannina mara, Ficus, Rain tree, Acacia and Banyan tree



Birds and Insects-

There were a lot of Coots found in the lake. Some of the other birds that were spotted are Purple moorhen, Bronze tailed jacana, Purple heron, Little grebe, Pond heron, Cormorants, Pond heron.

 

   Purple moorhen Coots



There were also dragon flies that were observed at the lake-

 



Cows at the lake-

Cows are allowed to graze at the lake.

Cow grazing


  1. Livelihood-

The lake provides livelihood for grasscutters, fishermen and workers-

Weeds being removed from the bund



  1. Wells at the lake-

There are 2 wells which are around 40-50 years old at the lake, one of them is a functioning well.  Both are located next to each other and near the outlet. Functioning well is used for domestic purposes by the community around the lake apart from drinking.

Old Functioning well





Non-functioning well



  1. Wetlands-

At Inlet one a Wetland of about an 1 acre treated the water before it enters the lake. The other wetland is about half an acre at the Inlet 2.  Few wetland species observed are Typha, Water Hyacinth, Alligator weed, Knot weed, Cyperus, Water lily.



  1. Timeline of the lake-


Year

Photo

Incidents

2008


It was under BDA and the lake had been put under a fence to protect from encroachment.

2010

Sewage started entering due to the population spike at the lake.

2014

Water hyacinth was at the lake, which was cleared by BDA and the people around in 2011.


Trust was registered in 2012


2015

The lake was filled with water hyacinth.

2017

Cleaning of the waterbody started. Deweeding in the waterbody. 5000 tons of weeds were cleared by citizens and an NGO called Pavithra Foundation.


It was handed over to BBMP. Hence the rejuvenation started. 

2019

During the rejuvenation of the lake. Sewage entry was stopped with the introduction of wetland

2020

Lake has finished with phase 1 rejuvenation. 


BBMP board at the lake


Contact Info

ALNDT contact ID- savealahallilake@gmail.com


References & Resources

1https://www.facebook.com/SaveAlahalliLake/ 

2http://bangaloremirror.indiatimes.com/bangalore/civic/alahalli-lake-shows-signs-of-life/articleshow/56281598.cms 

3http://www.deccanherald.com/content/587349/thanks-residents-alahalli-lake-cleared.html 

4http://www.thenewsminute.com/article/tired-government-apathy-bengaluru-residents-pitch-clean-alahalli-lake-54498  


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